In part a revolt against aristocratic, social, and political
norms of the Enlightenment period and a reaction against the rationalization of nature, in art and literature it stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic
experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror, and the awe experienced in confronting the sublimity of nature.
In visual art and literature, "Romanticism" typically refers
to the late 18th century and the 19th Century.
The movement focused on imagination, emotion, freedom and individualism. They loved and worshipped nature and were
dedicated to examining human personality and moods.
Romantics were inherently curious, investigating folk cultures,
ethnic origins, the medieval era.
They admired the genius and the hero, focusing on one’s passion and
Romantics also were interested in anything exotic, mysterious, remote,
occult, and satanic.
As a movement that began as an artistic and intellectual movement that rejected the traditional values
of social structure and religion, it encouraged individualism, emotions, and nature.
The events of the French Revolution are thought to have influenced the movement.
Romanticism elevated the achievements of what it
perceived as misunderstood heroic individuals and artists that altered society. It also legitimized the individual imagination as a critical authority which permitted freedom
from classical notions of form in art.
Romanticism in British literature is mostly associated with the poets William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, whose co-authored book "Lyrical Ballads" (1798)
The poet and painter William Blake is the most extreme example of the Romantic sensibility in Britain, epitomized by his claim
“I must create a system or be enslaved by another man's”.
An English poet, visionary, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognized during his lifetime, his
work is today considered seminal and significant in the history of both poetry and the visual arts.
Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Mary Shelley and John Keats constitute another phase of Romanticism in Britain.
Shelley's unconventional life and uncompromising
idealism, combined with his strong skeptical voice, made him a notorious and much denigrated figure during his life. He became
the idol of the next two or three generations of poets.
One of the principal poets of the English Romantic movement. Elaborate word choice and sensual imagery
characterize Keats' poetry. Only towards the end of his life did he produce his most original and most memorable poems, including
a series of odes that remain among the most popular poems in English.
British poet and a leading figure in Romanticism.He was regarded as one of the greatest. European poets and remains widely read Lord Byron's fame
rests not only in his writings but also in his life, which featured extravagant living, numerous love affairs, debts, separation,
and allegations of incest.